Current trend of employment in IT Sector
There is a sweeping growth in the IT industry in contemporary situation. The scope of IT industry is growing at global level as there are many IT companies emerging. There are also many new projects offered by the IT companies.
Information technology isbeneficial to Indian economy as it provides ample job opportunitiesfor career development. There are many engineers, MBA graduates who are working in the IT industry and enhanced their lifestyle. In employment areas, other industries are in the support of the IT industry. It has transformed the living of Indian people and increasinglyboosted the economy of Indian people. Information technology is elucidated as the procedure of designing, processing, storing and implementing the software application and computer hardware.
In order to apply the technology to great extent, the computer based information system is processed. IT experts perform various functions such as data and database managements, software design, networking and administration of the system. Information technology in India comprises of two major components, IT services and business process outsourcing (BPO).
The Government of India has acknowledged IT industry as prime industries in India and it contributes to achieve the policy objectives, like economic development. In India, there are large number of IT professionals, who have the necessary skill and expertise to meet the demands and expectations of the global IT industry. The IT sector in India has created 2.5 million direct employment.
India is one of the principal IT capitals of the contemporary world and all the major companies in the world of IT sector are present in the country. Major IT parks in India are HCL, INFOSIS, TCS, IBM, HP, Dell and Microsoft. These industries recruithuge number of candidatesat global scale through campus selection and off campus recruitment. In Indian scenario, IT industry has attainedspeedy growth and still in process of attaining the highest position in comparison with other industries.
According to several reports, the year 2014 has noted an upmarket to recruit across the industries in India. This impetus is continued in the coming year as well and there is huge employment avenues in Software, Hardware and IT sector. With this increase in demand of Talent, IT professionals have opportunity to shape up their careers in IT industries. Main states that recruit huge IT candidates are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra.
Suitable candidates are hired according to the academic qualifications by IT sector. Engineers topping the chart with 57% share in the total hiring mix, followed by general graduates (degree) at 24%, candidates from management background at 14%. While the percentage of hiring candidates with diploma by IT companies is graduallydecreasing as compared to previous year with approximately 4% and there is an increase in recruiting candidates with vocational training.
News reports revealed that IT companies prefer Younger group for their overseas projects, with almost 50% of employers that were surveyed across the country and scale of business. The age group from 25-30, choice of approximately 30% employers followed by 31-35 getting consent of only 15% employers. The senior level age group of 35-55 would account for the preference of only 8% employers, while the candidates in 56-65 age group are given low preference.
It has been observed that the IT sector also show gender diversity. The sector is still controlled by male candidates who still form around 68% of the existing workforce, with female employees forming 32% of the work.Nasscom survey showed that demand for niche technology skills and domain-specific capabilities would force IT companies to focus on lateral employment.
Types of jobs in information technology sector:
Applications developer: Applications developers decipher software requirements into workable programming code and maintain and develop programs for use in business.
Cartographer: A cartographer is responsible for the scientific, technological and artistic aspects of developing and producing maps. Cartographers provides complex information as diagrams, charts and spreadsheets, as well as in the form of conventional maps. Geographical information systems (GIS) and digital-mapping techniques now dominate the role Database administrator: A database administrator is accountable for the performance, integrity and security of a database.
They will also be involved in the planning and development of the database as well as troubleshooting any issues on behalf of the consumers.A database administrator makes sure that databases have the several qualities that include data remains consistent across the database;data is clearly defined;users access data concurrently, in a form that suits their needs;there is provision for data security and recovery control.
Games developer: The job of Games developers to the create and produce games for personal computers, games consoles, social/online games, arcade games, tablets, mobile phones and other hand held devices. Their work involves either design (including art and animation) or programming.
Geographical information systems officer: Geographic information systems (GIS) are computerised systems used for the collection, storage, analysis, manipulation and presentation of complex geographical information.
Information security specialist: The task of Information security specialist is centred on understanding the risks to the security of information or data.They examine where security breaches may occur or have occurred, and repair or strengthen systems against such breaches.
Information systems manager: An information systems manager is responsible for the computer systems within a company. They supervise installation;ensure backup systems operate effectively;purchase hardware and software;provide the ICT technology infrastructures for an organisation;contribute to organisational policy regarding quality standards and strategic planning. Information systems managers work in all types of organisation in the industry and the service sector, usually with a staff of technicians, programmers and database administrators reporting to them.
IT consultant: IT consultant works in corporation with customers, guide them how to use information technology in order to meet their business objectives or overcome problems. They work to improve the structure and efficiency of IT systems in various organisations.
IT sales professional: IT sales professional involved in three main areas of pre-sales, sales and post-sale support of hardware and software.
IT technical support officer: IT technical support officers monitor and retain the computer systems and networks of an organisation. They may set up and configure computer systems, diagnose hardware and software faults and solve technical and applications problems, either over the phone or in person.
Multimedia programmer: A multimedia programmer works with different multimedia features such as, text, sound, graphics, digital photography, 2D/3D modelling, animation and video to create products such as websites or computer programmes.
Multimedia specialist: Multimedia specialists conglomerate creative talent and technical skills to design information and communication technology (ICT) based products that entertain, educate or inform the user. These experts test and adjust the product to fix any technical problems and produce documentation describing the creation, content and processes of files.
Network engineer: The job of Network engineers is to implement, maintain, support, develop and, design communication networks within an organisation or between organisations.
Software tester: A software tester is responsible for the quality assurance stage of software development and deployment. They conduct automated and manual tests to ensure the software created by developers is fit for purpose.
Systems analyst: A systems analyst utilizes computers and related systems to design new IT solutions, transform, enhance or adapt existing systems and integrate new features or improvements, all with the aim of improving business efficiency and productivity. Systems analysts must hold a high level of technical expertise and clear insights into current business practices. They inspect existing IT systems and business models;analyse systems requirements;undertake product development;implement, configure and test feasible solutions.
Systems developer: Systems developers maintain, audit and increase organisational support systems by working on the internal operations of computers, using existing systems or incorporating new technologies to meet particular needs, often as advised by a systems analyst or architect. They test both hard and software systems, and diagnose and resolve system faults. Their role also involve writing diagnostic programs and designing and writing code for operating systems and software to ensure efficiency.
Technical author: Technical authors assist to communicate technical information about products and services in simple way so that people understand the technical elements. The information may be presented in the form of user guides for software applications, reference and instruction manuals for appliances, training guides or online help incorporated into software and operating guides.
Web designer: Web designers plan, generate and code web pages, using both non-technical and technical skills to produce websites that fit the customer's requirements. Web designers are responsible for the technical and graphical aspects of pages, producing not just the look of the website but determining how it works as well. Web designers might also be responsible for the maintenance of an existing site.
Web developer: Web developers construct and maintain websites and web applications. In all cases, main task of a web developer is creating reliable and high performing applications and services, which can be accessed over the internet.
In reviewing Indian scenario, it has been realised that the cost of skilled Indian personnel is comparatively low as compared to the developed nations. This makes the Indian IT services highly cost efficient and the IT enabled services like business process outsourcing and knowledge process outsourcing have expanded considerably in the Indian job market.
Another factor for increasing trend of employment of IT professional is that in India, there are large number of English-speaking IT professionals. Therefore, the English-speaking countries like the US and the UK depend on the Indian IT industry for outsourcing their business processes.
Employment and productivity in computer systems design and associated services are expected to cultivate rapidly in coming years, outperforming similar professional, scientific, and technical industries and the economy as a whole. Reports appraises that between 2010 and 2020, production in computer systems design and related services is predictable to grow at an average annual rate of 6.1 percent, compared with 3.6 percent for the broad industry category, professional, scientific, and technical services and 2.9 percent for all industries.
Finally, it can be said that The IT sector has made revolutionary changes in employment trend in India particularly since 1990s. The IT sector of India provides vast employment opportunities for fresher and experienced engineers, graduates and other candidates.